In a paper presented to the European Union (EU) today, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, called for a far-reaching reform of Europe’s global engagement with refugees, including the European asylum system. UNHCR called on Europe to offer more strategic and targeted support to countries of origin, asylum and transit of refugees, to review its contingency preparations to respond to large refugee and migrant arrivals, and to put in place a more efficient and better managed asylum system. It also asked for greater investment by EU Member States in the integration of refugees, including housing, employment and language training.
“Last year, Europe failed to implement a collective, managed response to the challenges posed by the arrival of over a million refugees and migrants,” said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi. “This resulted in scenes of chaos at borders, leading to a breakdown in the public’s trust in the capacity of governments to manage the situation and playing into the hands of those who wanted to turn refugees into scapegoats. It is important that EU Member States show, through collective action, that Europe is capable of engaging effectively and in a principled manner with refugee movements, helping to stabilize refugee flows over the long term through more strategic external engagement - while at the same time, continuing to welcome refugees in Europe.”
UNHCR’s paper “Better Protecting Refugees in the EU and Globally” sets out a practical vision for how this could be achieved both within the EU and globally. Among its main proposals are targeted measures to address the reasons why refugees are fleeing and moving onwards, increased safe pathways for refugees to Europe, and a simplified asylum system that would identify, register and process arrivals swiftly and efficiently and would go a long way to restore public trust.
“This is now the moment for a new vision for Europe’s engagement with the global refugee crisis,” said Grandi “drawing on its history of tolerance, openness and based on protection principles, but also with a pragmatic and practical approach. History has demonstrated that Europe is stronger when it addresses its challenges together; and I firmly believe that this is still possible today.”
Building on elements of the existing Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and some of the reforms proposed by the European Commission, UNHCR’s proposals would result in a simplified asylum system that would provide access to territory, register and receive new arrivals properly, allocate responsibility for asylum-seekers amongst EU Member States and ensure that Member States are equipped to meet the task. UNHCR’s proposed reforms would guarantee the right to asylum, enhance security screening, facilitate the efficient management of population movements and could potentially reduce costs.
The proposals include a common European registration system, accelerated and simplified procedures for asylum determination, prioritization of family reunion, a common approach to unaccompanied and separated children, a distribution mechanism for Member States under pressure of high number of arrivals and an efficient system for returning individuals who are not in need of protection to their countries of origin.